The crawfish frog (Lithobates areolatus) has suffered declines across much of its range and is currently considered for state protection in five of the states where it occurs. This frog is a prairie species that appears to be associated with remnant patches of natural prairies, a habitat that is becoming increasingly more scarce. Very few studies have detailed the breeding biology of this species and none of these studies have occurred in Texas. More specifically, nothing is known about breeding biology in the southernmost ecoregion in which they occur, the gulf coast prairies and marshes. Additionally, it is imperative to understand the current distribution of the species in the state. Conservation of the crawfish frog and its habitat is dependent on a thorough understanding of the distribution in the state and the severity of the range contraction as compared to the historical collection records.